Tag Archives: goals

Global Climate Goals Rest on Domestic Will

Agen Sabung Ayam

PARIS—The landmark agreement struck by more than 190 nations in Paris introduces a new international approach to limiting climate change, with all countries rather than just developed industrial nations joining in to pledge to curb their greenhouse-gas emissions.

But whether the deal reaches its goal—all but eliminating fossil fuels and carbon-emitting economic activity in the second half of the century—still depends almost entirely on domestic will within each individual country to overhaul how energy is produced and consumed and transform the way its economy works.

“We’re on the cusp of getting the ambition we need,” said Edward Cameron, a policy adviser for We Mean Business, a business coalition advocating for action on climate change. “This means no backsliding on what’s been agreed.”

That is because the core of the deal is a collection of voluntary plans by each country to address climate change within the context of its own domestic economic and political situations. Those plans aren’t legally enforceable—a condition some countries including the U.S. insisted upon—although the deal did legally bind countries to develop a common set of reporting standards and a review process to strengthen efforts to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions over time.

For developed countries, success will require not only actually reducing greenhouse-gas emissions starting very soon, but also channeling more than $ 100 billion annually to poorer, developing nations to help finance their efforts. Those poorer countries in turn will need to find ways to grow their economies and lift hundreds of millions of people into the modern middle class, while at the same time limiting and then ultimately slashing carbon emissions associated with fossil fuels that have driven such growth elsewhere for well over a century.

To work, the deal will also have to unleash trillions of dollars from private investors, companies and multilateral lenders. Those investments would go into energy sources such as solar, wind and nuclear that don’t create carbon emissions, new technologies such as better batteries for electric cars, ways to capture and store the emissions of carbon, increases in the energy efficiency of buildings and growing more trees and vegetation to absorb carbon from the atmosphere.

Some believe the voluntary nature of the agreement could actually spur private investments more effectively than an enforceable one. To them, that arrangement signals governments aren’t being pressed into what are some of their most ambitious plans to date—and therefore are more likely to make good on them and encourage private investors and businesses to help.

“An agreement like this might really be a game changer,” said Philippe Desfossés, chief executive of ERAFP, a pension fund for French public-service workers that has been outspoken on climate-change issues. He cited the number of countries committed to what he called an “ambitious” deal. “It’s where we’ll switch from moving millions to moving trillions of dollars.”

The focus on voluntary efforts was at the heart of the negotiations from the beginning of the two weeks during which hundreds of diplomats gathered in a conference center in a suburb of Paris. They were surrounded by tens of thousands of observers, from labor activists and environmental groups to representatives of business and media organizations.

The last major gathering to forge a climate agreement, held in Copenhagen, Denmark in 2009, focused on getting developed countries to legally bind themselves to reducing emissions. The meeting collapsed at the final hour into recriminations and finger-pointing.

It had little lasting impact, and countries backtracked on pledges and ignored the accord. The Kyoto Protocol of 1997 helped spur carbon emissions among signatories, particularly in Europe. But the U.S. and some of the fastest-growing developing economies never signed on, limiting its effectiveness and, eventually, its relevance.

Much of the time spent since Copenhagen has been devoted to building the new approach endorsed in Paris.

Meanwhile, several countries—most prominently the U.S.—firmly ruled out from the beginning of the Paris meeting any plan that made emissions cutting legally binding under international law. That reflected a deep division in Washington between the Obama administration’s support for strong climate-change policies and Republicans and some Democrats in Congress, who have staunchly opposed them as economically damaging intrusions by the government into free markets.

All of the Republican candidates running for president say they oppose international requirements to cut greenhouse gasses, while several have expressed deep skepticism about whether climate change is occurring or being caused by human activity.

“You have to take American politics into account because of their awkward political situation,” said Nozipho Mxakato-Diseko, the South African diplomat who leads the Group of 77, which represents more than 100 developing nations in the climate talks.

But fears that the U.S. won’t live up to its end of the deal, particularly if a Republican wins the White House, trouble officials in Ms. Mxakato-Diseko’s negotiating group. “You cannot bank on the Americans to follow through,” she said.

Even supporters of the deal say each country’s voluntary plan will need to be strengthened over time in order to reach the accord’s goal. That is why they cheered the periodic reviews, reporting and transparency criteria and obligations to try to ramp up the emissions cuts that the deal made legally binding.

“This process gave us most of what it could,” said Lou Leonard, a vice president with the World Wildlife Fund in Washington. “We got a blue print; we got a process.”

Write to Bill Spindle at bill.spindle@wsj.com


WSJ.com: World News

World leaders applaud Australia’s climate goals in Paris: Hunt

Agen Sabung Ayam

Updated December 01, 2015 23:35:31

Entire world leaders have applauded Australia’s local weather targets at the United Nations Climate Alter Convention, Atmosphere Minister Greg Hunt claims.

Talking to Lateline from the talks in Paris, Mr Hunt explained Australia’s targets of 26 to 28 per cent reductions in emissions by 2030 as “formidable”.

He stated when compared to some of the excellent economies of the globe, Australia was performing a lot more than its reasonable share.

“In for every capita conditions, Australia is lifting heavily, we are carrying out far more than our fair share, because we are right at the front of the world in for each capita reductions, which is a proxy for effort,” he stated.

Mr Hunt stated Australia’s attempts had been recognised by other heads of point out in Paris.

“I’ve got to say, the response that other nations had presented us and the reaction from the floor of the convention hall has been overwhelming support,” he said.

“A perception that Australia is genuinely leading by way of our preserving of ninety billion tonnes at a worldwide amount.

“Our personal commitments, the truth that we have created the announcement that we would meet up with and defeat our targets and indicator on to the Kyoto Protocol, these are major international achievements acknowledged by the international neighborhood.”

Opposition Leader Invoice Shorten, who also frequented Paris for the talks, final week declared Labor’s new local climate coverage with an emissions reduction concentrate on of 45 for each cent on 2005 amounts by 2030.

Greg Hunt says Australia's plans have been applauded at the Paris climate talksMovie: Greg Hunt claims Australia’s ideas have been applauded at the Paris local weather talks (Lateline)

Mr Hunt admitted that Australia was a higher emitting region for every capita, but he said that would alter.

“We are commencing from a larger foundation. I can’t adjust heritage or the simple fact of the economic system as it is,” he mentioned.

“But what we have completed is set a plan that will see us lessen from being the 14th optimum emitter in the planet, down to the 25th highest emitter by 2030. That is a very considerable change.”

Mr Hunt also backed the Federal Government’s prepare to commit $ 1 billion from the international help price range to assist Pacific nations tackle local climate adjust.

“Julie Bishop is a learn in this area of supply of Australian help in a way which fulfills our world-wide objectives, our regional objectives, but their national needs,” he said.

He said it was one more announcement welcomed by entire world leaders at the conference.

“It is anything that has been embraced,” he mentioned.

“The convention of the weather change convention, when the Prime Minister introduced that, stopped, and applauded extensively.

“It is a indication of Australia’s worldwide standing.”

Topics: weather-change, surroundings, federal-government, authorities-and-politics, world-politics, france, australia

Very first posted December 01, 2015 22:eighteen:57


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World leaders applaud Australia’s climate goals in Paris: Hunt

Agen Sabung Ayam

Posted December 01, 2015 22:18:fifty seven

World leaders have applauded Australia’s local weather targets at the United Nations Climate Change Meeting, Atmosphere Minister Greg Hunt claims.

Speaking to Lateline from the talks in Paris, Mr Hunt described Australia’s targets of 26 to 28 per cent reductions in emissions by 2030 as “formidable”.

He mentioned when compared to some of the wonderful economies of the planet, Australia was doing more than its honest share.

“In for every capita phrases, Australia is lifting seriously, we are carrying out more than our truthful share, since we are appropriate at the front of the globe in per capita reductions, which is a proxy for energy,” he explained.

Mr Hunt mentioned Australia’s initiatives experienced been recognised by other heads of condition in Paris.

“I’ve acquired to say, the reaction that other nations had given us and the reaction from the floor of the convention hall has been mind-boggling support,” he said.

“A perception that Australia is genuinely major by way of our saving of ninety billion tonnes at a international amount.

“Our personal commitments, the truth that we have created the announcement that we would meet up with and beat our targets and signal on to the Kyoto Protocol, these are significant international achievements acknowledged by the global community.”

Opposition Chief Monthly bill Shorten, who also frequented Paris for the talks, previous 7 days declared Labor’s new local climate plan with an emissions reduction concentrate on of forty five per cent on 2005 levels by 2030.

Mr Hunt admitted that Australia was a higher emitting region per capita, but he explained that would alter.

“We are commencing from a greater base. I are not able to change heritage or the reality of the economic climate as it is,” he said.

“But what we have done is set a policy that will see us decrease from being the 14th optimum emitter in the entire world, down to the 25th greatest emitter by 2030. That is a really substantial modify.”

Mr Hunt also backed the Federal Government’s program to dedicate $ 1 billion from the overseas support funds to aid Pacific nations tackle weather adjust.

“Julie Bishop is a grasp in this place of supply of Australian assist in a way which fulfills our international goals, our regional goals, but their national wants,” he stated.

He mentioned it was another announcement welcomed by world leaders at the convention.

“It really is something that has been embraced,” he mentioned.

“The meeting of the weather change conference, when the Prime Minister announced that, stopped, and applauded broadly.

“It truly is a indicator of Australia’s worldwide standing.”

Matters: local weather-adjust, setting, federal-government, government-and-politics, world-politics, france, australia


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