Tag Archives: highlights

Highlights of the UN climate accord

Agen Sabung Ayam

Posted December thirteen, 2015 08:37:fifty four

Envoys from 195 nations have approved a historic pact to roll back again worldwide warming and shore up defences in opposition to its impacts.

What will nations be essential to do below the phrases of the Paris local weather accord and how will it be funded?

The problem

The arrangement identifies local weather adjust as “an urgent and potentially irreversible danger to human societies and the world”.

It notes “with problem” that countries’ current pledges to suppress greenhouse-fuel emissions would are unsuccessful to fulfill targets for curbing planetary warming.

The objective

The purpose is to hold global warming to “properly under” 2 levels Celsius more than pre-Industrial Revolution amounts, and to strive for one.5C if feasible.

Getting there

The world will purpose for climate-altering greenhouse gas emissions to peak “as shortly as attainable”, with “fast reductions” thereafter.

By the next half of this century, there should be a equilibrium among the emissions from human exercise these kinds of as vitality production and farming, and the amount that can be captured by carbon-absorbing “sinks” these kinds of as forests or carbon storage technological innovation.

Burden-sharing

Designed nations, which have polluted for more time, must get “the lead” by using on absolute emissions cuts.

Building nations which still need to have to melt away coal and oil to electricity developing populations, are encouraged to enhance their efforts and “move above time” to cuts.

Abundant countries are needed to supply assistance for building nations’ emissions cuts.

Tracking progress

In 2018, two several years ahead of the settlement enters into force, nations will just take inventory of the overall influence of what they are carrying out to rein in global warming, and revisit their carbon-curbing strategies in 2020.

Some nations around the world had submitted their very first round of targets right up until 2025, and other individuals until 2030.

When the settlement requires influence, the collective effect of countries’ endeavours will be reviewed at five-year intervals from 2023.

The outcome will inform nations around the world in “updating and improving” their pledges.

Finance

Developed nations will supply funding to help establishing international locations make the pricey shift to green power and shore up their defences in opposition to local climate modify impacts like drought and storms.

Funding should be scaled up, and the arrangement states rich nations have to report each two years on their finance levels — present and intended.

Moved from the legally binding main agreement to a separate non-binding “choice area”, the doc refers to the $ one hundred billion a year that abundant international locations experienced pledged to muster by 2020 as a “ground”. The sum should be current by 2025.

Climate hurt

Low-lying island nations and bad countries most at chance from weather adjust-induced sea amount increase and other impacts have gained recognition of the need for “averting, minimising and addressing” losses suffered.

AFP

Subjects: local climate-modify, setting, planet-politics, government-and-politics, weather, france


Just In

Australians using social media as ‘highlights reel’, not connection: study

Agen Sabung Ayam

Posted December 10, 2015 14:27:forty one

Australians are making use of social media to curate their impression, instead than connect with pals and family, a new study claims.

Nevertheless, an professional suggests how a lot someone’s identification is “curated” differs from platform to platform.

Tumblr’s yet-to-be-unveiled Status of Social in 2015 study seemed into how Australia’s practically 13 million social media customers approached social media.

The firm’s inventive strategist, Max Sebela, mentioned the survey suggested the bulk of social media customers favored to use their accounts to showcase the best of their life.

“Australians have moved absent from utilizing social media as a way to connect with their loved ones, and are increasingly employing these channels as an id assemble,” Mr Sebela stated.

The study found sixty three for each cent of respondents regarded as social media to be far more like a “highlights reel” of their life.

Nevertheless, social media specialist Dr Tim Highfield, from the Queensland University of Technology’s electronic media analysis centre, explained how “curated” someone’s online presence was assorted from system to platform.

“[Men and women] will use Tumblr for various factors than they will use Fb or Twitter,” he stated.

“There might be a distinction in between private and professional accounts.

“They may possibly split up their identity. It really is all them and it really is part of themselves, but you will not get the full image and the full self from what they set on Instagram and Facebook.”

Dr Highfield mentioned the idea of projecting an identity was not new, but that social media was providing men and women a new outlet.

“It’s what we do in general in any case, it’s just realised in specific varieties through social media,” he stated.

Cultivating image ‘not narcissistic’

Dr Highfield explained social media was still currently being utilized to link with family and buddies, and that Fb content material was possibly the minimum curated due to the fact its audience was much more standard.

“It has the largest audience in general and it’s much more men and women and more of a mix of everyone — you may locate your mothers and fathers and grandparents on there — it is a extremely different viewers,” he stated.

“Twitter … can also be really reliable, but it may be centred all around a distinct type of idea or desire.”

Essena O'Neill Photo: Sunshine Coastline teenager Essena O’Neill gained fame for declaring social media was “not real daily life”. (Insagram: @essenaoneill)

The authenticity of social media was hotly debated last month, when “Instafamous” Sunshine Coast teen Essena O’Neill deleted most of the pictures from her account and re-captioned people that remained, stating that “social media was not genuine existence”.

In a movie, Ms O’Neill — who experienced much more than 500,000 followers on Instagram but has since made her account personal, retaining a subsequent of more than eleven,000 — mentioned she had “created an image of myself that I feel other people come to feel is unattainable”.

“Lately, I have realised how awful that is,” she explained in a online video released on the web.

“For an individual to comply with my content material and think, ‘I want I was you’, that is the reverse of what I want to encourage.”

Ms O’Neill’s motives had been afterwards questioned, with some declaring the move could have been a “advertising and marketing stunt”.

Nevertheless, Dr Highfield explained on the web promotion was not necessarily self-centred.

“People on Instagram may well get a lot of likes if they’re publishing about fashion or health and it can become a kind of industry for them,” he said.

“You will find a good deal of self identity and self marketing involved in all social media and it really is surely curated and cultivated, [but] I would not say it’s narcissistic.

“I would say there is certainly a lot of self really worth gotten out of it, but there is also a whole lot of neighborhood sharing and comments all around it.”

ABC/AAP

Topics: social-media, world wide web-tradition, interactions, individuals, australia


Just In

Abuse of Clementine Ford highlights how bullying can cost you your job

Agen Sabung Ayam

By Hayley Gleeson

Posted December 03, 2015 sixteen:26:09

Ever since a man dropped his occupation due to the fact Clementine Ford described his on the web abuse to his employer, flame-throwers have accused her, among other factors, of getting a gentleman-hating whore.

The highly regarded author and commentator was named a bitch, a dumb c**t, and was told she deserved “to be gang raped by a pack of AIDS infested n*****s”.

On prime of this, conservative commentators like Tim Blair accused her of hypocrisy due to the fact of her personal inclination to not shy absent from employing robust language.

The whole episode has been painted as one bold woman in opposition to a horde of indignant critics.

But now hordes of other daring girls are keen to exhibit Ford is not by itself, and that they way too are indignant about on the internet abuse, and much more outing of trolls appears most likely to comply with.

I’m sick and tired of girls becoming held dependable for the actions gentlemen select to consider.

Author and on the web abuse target Clementine Ford

The functions unfolded after Michael Nolan, a supervisor at Meriton Apartments, commented on one of Ford’s Facebook posts with the word “slut”.

Ford later on posted screenshots of Mr Nolan’s abuse to her web page, linking in Meriton Team and inquiring if they were aware of their employee’s conduct.

“There are basically no consequences for males who behave like this, so we have to start off creating consequences for them,” Ford wrote.

On Monday, Ford shared a concept she had obtained from Meriton Group informing her that Mr Nolan experienced been sacked.

What happened to Mr Nolan is about far more than Ms Ford and feminism, it is about place of work conduct and the enormous change in the expectations businesses expect of their workers.

Far more and more, abuse of any sort in a community discussion board is regarded unacceptable, and grounds for dismissal.

Josh Bornstein, a principal at Maurice Blackburn Legal professionals in Melbourne, claims that whilst there is no authorized obligation for companies to sack staff who interact in threatening or harassing behaviour outdoors the office, far more are more and more prepared to do so.

“There have been numerous circumstances of men and women currently being sacked for their participation in social media, even when their remarks are seemingly unrelated to their operate,” Mr Bernstein advised the ABC.

“Employers are progressively resorting to disciplinary motion from workers above a selection of perform exterior the workplace and especially if that conduct will get public publicity.

“Companies frequently argue that this kind of perform could adversely effect their manufacturer.”

This kind of carry out, lately labelled by the United Nations as on the web violence in opposition to females, might also adversely influence the women it is focused at.

Carrying out nothing is acquiescing. It is handing the internet more than to the bullies and the misogynists and the rapists.

Dr Emma A Jane, Senior Research Fellow at the College of New South Wales

Dr Emma A Jane, a senior study fellow at the College of New South Wales, states there is a inclination for some men and women to downplay on-line abuse and rape threats due to the fact it is “just terms” or “just the internet”.

But her many years of investigation on on the web harassment of ladies demonstrate it can have serious results on women’s overall health.

“Although some of these females are ready to shrug it off or chuckle it off at minimum some of the time, other people have experienced durations of intense melancholy and anxiousness in the course of which they have withdrawn not only from the cybersphere but from other factors of lifestyle as properly,” Dr Jane said.

Dr Jane, who is no stranger to online abuse herself, claims Meriton Group’s choice to keep Mr Nolan to account for his actions need to be applauded, and urges other companies to get a stand against gender-dependent harassment.

“Regrettably, countless numbers of other gentlemen engage in the identical behaviour on the web with impunity,” Dr Jane explained.

“I would like to see much more of these guys exposed and a lot more of them held to account, but this demands to happen together with significant institutional interventions.

“The obligation for solving the problem of gendered cyber-hate ought to not lie with female targets by itself,” she mentioned.

Ms Ford states she spoke out about Mr Nolan’s abuse simply because she was “ill and exhausted” of men “getting away with” intimidating females online, adding that females have been usually attacked additional for standing up for themselves.

Ms Ford claims that no issue how girls answer, they just can not earn.

“Also numerous women are harassed into silence by guys who flounce about the place undertaking and saying what ever they like,” Ms Ford explained.

“I am unwell and fatigued of ladies becoming held responsible for the actions guys choose to consider.”

Her comments echo a great number of other folks produced by females from all sides of the political spectrum, renowned faces and keep-at-home mums, baking fanatics and avid gamers, who have experienced sufficient of emotion bullied, belittled and afraid.

And a look at is growing that till much more workplaces and governments get a stand from men’s harassment of women on the web, we need as many voices like Ford’s as we can get.

As Dr Jane says: “Not absolutely everyone is heading to have the toughness or sources to battle this battle but these of us who do … need to have to struggle.”

“Carrying out practically nothing is acquiescing. It truly is handing the web more than the bullies and the misogynists and the rapists.”

Subject areas: social-media, internet-society, discrimination, feminism, girls, bullying, australia


Just In