Tag Archives: Indigenous

Work of young Indigenous artists showcased in MoAD exhibition

Agen Sabung Ayam

By Sam Provost

Posted December 08, 2015 21:fifty three:55

Land, Neil Mitchell, synthetic polymer on canvas Photograph: Land by Neil Mitchell, depicts the area about Menindee in NSW, in artificial polymer on canvas. (Equipped)

Five younger Aboriginal artists from Menindee in far western NSW have come to Previous Parliament Residence to see their artworks shown in the Proper Listed here Now exhibition at the Museum of Australian Democracy (MoAD).

The exhibition showcases eighteen artists working exterior the main metropolis centres of Australia who have been paired in a imaginative mentorship project.

Neil Mitchell and Rick Ball at MoAD Photograph: Neil Mitchell and Rick Ball discover the Appropriate Here Now exhibition at MoAD. (ABC News)

The artists, from Menindee, ended up accompanied to Canberra by Rick Ball, a renowned artist from Damaged Hill and mentor to the team.

Taya Biggs, Jade Cicak, Neil Mitchell, Joseph Newman and Tahlia Philp every single have a piece in the exhibition.

The artists operate with a range of mediums which includes cardboard, paint and pictures.

The title of sixteen-12 months-previous Mitchell’s piece is Land.

He explained it was a representation of his residence, a desert town amidst a sequence of ephemeral lakes.

“That is what my paintings are about, the land and location all around Menindee. I can’t actually do any other varieties of artwork. This is my artwork,” Neil mentioned.

The piece harnesses the colors of the land: reds, yellows and browns, with textures and dots used to illustrate man-made and animal tracks.

‘They cannot cope with any bullshit… I enjoy that’

Ball, who has been doing work with the young artists since they were in pre-university, said the romantic relationship had modified the way that he approached his very own artwork.

Beginnings of Art, by Rick Ball Photo: Beginnings of Artwork, by proven artist Rick Ball, in shellac, oil and gouache on paper. (Equipped)

“I have learnt and un-learnt so considerably operating inside the Menindee Community and functioning with these youthful kids,” he stated.

“They just can’t cope with any bullshit, and I adore that. They just will not consider it. I think becoming out west and away from the metropolis, that takes place, and that influences my artwork follow.”

Ball also has a piece in the exhibition.

The director of the Museum of Australian Democracy, Daryl Karp, mentioned the objective of the exhibition was to nurture emerging artists by developing relationships with established artists in their region.

“What is really exciting about this exhibition is that we have acquired prime-of-their-sport artists and the next degree of emerging artists coming jointly in a mentorship program,” she mentioned.

“So you get a collaboration that in between them has some thing genuinely strong to say.”

Proper Listed here Now operates at the Museum of Australian Democracy in Old Parliament Property until February 7, 2016.

Subject areas: visible-art, modern-artwork, arts-and-entertainment, indigenous-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander, indigenous-society

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Indigenous women ‘invisible’ in family violence system

Agen Sabung Ayam

Posted December 08, 2015 06:37:47

Delegates at a domestic violence prevention conference in Canberra have been told Indigenous ladies victims are getting “systemically silenced” by a damaged program and insufficient representation.

Far more than 300 individuals are attending the three-working day meeting Cease Domestic Violence: Connecting the Dots, which is becoming hosted by the Australian and New Zealand Mental Well being Association.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) associates described a “broken” program and stated some female victims of domestic violence feared the program much more than their abusers.

“The responses that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander females get for when they last but not least do get up the courage to report that violence are truly poor from law enforcement and from mainstream companies,” Antoinette Braybrook, chief govt of the Aboriginal Household Violence Prevention Authorized Support, mentioned.

The provider operates fourteen centres across Australia and Ms Braybrook has spent 13 many years in the sector.

“Some of those activities from the law enforcement consist of minimising the violence with: ‘he’s only punched you in the head this time. Final time he laid the boots in, he seems to be obtaining better’,” she explained.

“That just breaks believe in with that woman and the community and they think why report when I am not going to be thought.”

Ms Braybrook stated Aboriginal women were 34 occasions much more likely to be hospitalised as a outcome of domestic violence, and 11 instances a lot more very likely to be killed.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youngsters in violent residences are nine moments a lot more likely to be positioned in out-of-residence care, typically with non-Indigenous carers according to Ms Braybrook.

“It can be devastating for numerous young children witnessing that violence, it can be with them for life,” she explained.

Ms Braybrook mentioned Aboriginal young children accounted for nearly 35 for each cent of all youngsters in treatment, even though they make up only four.four for every cent of the national child population.

“The children are currently being removed from their loved ones home, from their mom,” she explained.

“That has a direct influence on their society and their id and as soon as the little one is taken out from mum it is quite tough to get the little one back again.”

Ms Braybrook stated with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander ladies currently being the swiftest increasing phase of the jail inhabitants and family members violence the prime driver for youngster removal, it is no surprise numerous ladies worry the system.

“If they report violence then they are most likely to have their young children eliminated,” she mentioned.

“Numerous of the women that we occur into contact [with] in prison are in there due to crimes connected to poverty or homelessness.”

‘More expenditure in Aboriginal legal companies needed’

Ms Braybrook mentioned racism was even now extremely considerably alive and well in Australia right now and she regularly listened to stories firsthand from females attempting to entry providers.

“Fearing the program is at the epicentre of our country’s national [domestic and family violence] disaster,” she stated.

The Govt can’t on the one hand phone domestic and loved ones violence a countrywide shame and then not prioritise funding to [Indigenous] females.

Antoinette Braybrook

Ms Braybrook mentioned the absence of expert ATSI authorized illustration on the COAG Advisory Panel on Reducing Violence in opposition to Ladies and their Children was a “missed prospect” and an additional type of silencing women victims nationally.

“It is annoying [and] we would like to see more on the floor skills on that committee,” she mentioned.

She stated she welcomed previous prime minister Tony Abbott’s $ 100 million Women’s Security Bundle declared in September, but she there was still no expenditure in professional Aboriginal lawful solutions nationally.

“We ended up dissatisfied to see that significantly of the Indigenous cash went out to rural and distant places for law enforcement and we never think that law enforcement are the only remedy,” she explained.

“The other money went out to mainstream Local community Authorized Centres and that is yet another barrier to our girls accessing providers.

“Our females are invisible.”

She is now contacting for reinstatement of the National Family members Violence Avoidance Lawful Companies Software and a for a longer time-expression determination to funding local community-controlled and culturally appropriate government services for Indigenous ladies.

“The Authorities are unable to on the a single hand contact domestic and loved ones violence a countrywide shame and then not prioritise funding to [Indigenous] females,” she explained.

“We never want any girl since of their geographic place becoming excluded from accessing a culturally suitable service.”

Subject areas: domestic-violence, local community-and-culture, indigenous-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander, legislation-criminal offense-and-justice, law enforcement, authorities-and-politics, federal-govt, canberra-2600, act, australia, nt

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Indigenous Referendum Council named after drawn-out negotiations

Agen Sabung Ayam

Updated December 07, 2015 00:14:40

The Federal Govt and Opposition have settled on the extended-awaited Referendum Council to seek advice from on the best prospect of recognising Indigenous Australians in the structure.

Advocates of change are hopeful the sixteen-member council will break the deadlock in the discussion more than the query that would be put to voters.

Referendum Council members:

  • Professor Patrick Dodson (co-chair)
  • Mark Leibler AC (co-chair)
  • Pat Anderson AO
  • Professor Megan Davis
  • Andrew Demetriou
  • Murray Gleeson AC QC
  • Kristina Keneally
  • Mick Gooda
  • Tanya Hosch
  • Jane McAloon
  • Michael Rose
  • Natasha Stott Despoja AM
  • Noel Pearson
  • Amanda Vanstone
  • Dalassa Yorkston
  • Dr Galarrwuy Yunupingu AM

The council was predicted to be named close to the time Tony Abbott was toppled as key minister in mid-September and the time lag has caused wonderful aggravation for some advocates.

Membership of the council was negotiated in between Key Minister Malcolm Turnbull and Opposition Chief Monthly bill Shorten.

It includes distinguished Indigenous advocates for modify from across the place — Pat Dodson, Pat Anderson, Noel Pearson, Mick Gooda, Megan Davis and Galarrwuy Yunupingu.

They will be joined by previous Labor NSW premier Kristina Keneally, previous Democrats leader Natasha Stott Despoja and former federal Liberal indigenous affairs minister Amanda Vanstone.

Previous AFL chief Andrew Demetriou, senior lawyer and advocate Mark Leibler and former high courtroom chief justice Murray Gleeson are also members.

The taxpayer-funded campaign for constitutional change Recognise will also have a voice on the committee through joint marketing campaign director Tanya Hosch.

Opposition Chief Invoice Shorten described the development of the committee as a “hugely considerable” step.

“Constitutional recognition for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is an overdue act of justice and I will do almost everything I can to make it a fact,” Mr Shorten stated.

“This is a improper that must be made proper.

“We need to have modify that goes beyond symbolism or poetry. Recognition cannot just be a nod to good intentions, it demands to be meaningful.

“Previously mentioned all, it need to be shaped by the empowered voices of the first Australians.”

Topics: indigenous-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander, community-and-society, federal government-and-politics, indigenous-coverage, federal-authorities, australia

Very first posted December 07, 2015 00:01:11

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Mining spoils for Indigenous groups allegedly funnelled back to industry

Agen Sabung Ayam

Current December 06, 2015 22:fourteen:51

Coal mine Hunter Valley Photograph: There are promises that believe in cash supposed for Indigenous projects in the Upper Hunter have instead long gone again to the mining market. (AAP: Dean Lewins)
Relevant Tale: State Govt requested to describe lack of consultation above Sign-up of Aboriginal House owners
Map: Mudgee 2850

A New South Wales Government entire body is underneath scrutiny amid statements it failed to distribute believe in cash to neighborhood Indigenous projects in the Higher Hunter and rather gave it to a mining sector body.

Important points:

  • Believe in set up so that mining businesses pay out $ 50k for every new growth
  • Resources to go to Aboriginal teams with link to Upper Hunter
  • $ 300k presented to ARG, a organization endorsed by chief mining lobby team
  • Aboriginal Land Council main states ARG has tiny affiliation with Indigenous communities

In 2001, the previous Labor authorities established up the Upper Hunter Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Have faith in to give again to the Aboriginal communities who have a cultural connection to the region.

Every single time a mine was presented development consent, the mining company in issue paid out $ 50,000 into the fund.

Higher Hunter Indigenous Title claimant Scott Franks stated he considered the income was to be used solely to safeguard Indigenous sites and fund neighborhood tasks.

“My comprehending was folks from that spot ended up ready to make submissions to the believe in to get funding for improvement of perform skills, assignments and a handful of other issues,” he mentioned.

However, $ 300,000 was awarded from the believe in to the Mudgee-based Aboriginal Source Group (ARG), which is endorsed by the chief lobby team for the mining market, the Minerals Council.

On its web site, the ARG — registered in 2013 — is explained as “the broker for sharing industrial options among source firms to generate and create on a romantic relationship of Indigenous participation in work and assist business pursuits that add price”.

ARG founder Cory Robertson explained the income it was awarded was currently being invested on appropriate packages in the Upper Hunter region.

“Our task has to provide plans to 90 Aboriginal substantial faculty college students for each 12 months over two years,” he explained.

“Over the very last 10 months of our initial year we have shipped our applications to a hundred and five Indigenous large university students.”

Even so, Wanaruah Local Aboriginal Land Council main govt Noel Downs, who is an advisor to the trust, explained ARG had tiny affiliation with the Higher Hunter Indigenous communities.

“The firm which is been granted resources for expertise education is not a neighborhood organisation,” he explained.

“We feel they’ve visited our land council after, but nothing, no more interaction.”

ARG application comparable to mining sector

Mr Downs mentioned ARG’s application was extremely similar to an software which had formerly been proposed by the Mineral Council.

In April 2014, the environmentally friendly gentle was offered for the Minerals Council to be granted $ 300,000 for an Aboriginal employment and business improvement program.

Even though the software liked some early assist, it was withdrawn 6 months after its acceptance.

Minutes from the Mineral Council’s meeting on Oct 21 famous: “[The Minerals Council] have been concerned about the perception of the trust granting money back to the mining sector.”

“All agreed that the ARG application is really comparable in its objective and outcomes to the NSW Minerals Council project application,” the minutes read.

Mr Downs explained: “Clearly they felt that anything was mistaken and that it was likely to appear genuinely actually bad for them normally they would not have offered the income back.”

The Minerals Council afterwards went on to assist the $ 300,000 heading to the Aboriginal Useful resource Team.

The ABC tried out to make contact with the NSW Planning Minister, but he was unavailable.

However, the Minister’s business office said the NSW Minerals Council withdrew their funding application so no funding was granted to the organisation.

Funding also awarded to controversial bureaucracy

Greens MP David Shoebridge has been highly essential of the Council’s perform.

“It’s insulting adequate to have the destruction of their heritage and tradition going on on a grand scale,” Mr Shoebridge mentioned.

“But then a number of crumbs that slide from the table are collected absent by bureaucrats and individuals outdoors the group, it really is disgraceful.”

In 2014, the Business office of the Registrar of the Aboriginal Land Legal rights Act was granted $ 298,000 from the trust’s resources to permit it to set up a sign up of Aboriginal folks from the Upper Hunter.

Mr Downs mentioned there was an place of work currently set up to do the exact same function.

“The Federal Govt cash Indigenous Title companies to do just that,” he stated.

NSW Arranging Minister Rob Stokes’ business office mentioned Mr Downs was incorrect.

“The Place of work of the Registrar was funded to carry out a investigation undertaking that would give Upper Hunter Aboriginal people with recognition of their cultural association with the land, via registration as an Aboriginal operator under the State’s Aboriginal Land Rights Act,” he stated.

“Registration as an Aboriginal owner beneath the Aboriginal Land Legal rights Act is a separate and various method than occurs below Commonwealth Indigenous Title legislation.”

Trust’s procedures questioned

Now, the Higher Hunter Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Trust is also becoming questioned about how it can make choices.

Operate by a management group and an advisory team, the trust deed states the function of the advisory group is “to offer specialist tips on assignments submitted to the management group”.

Mr Downs mentioned that experienced not happened since 2008.

“Every 6 to 12 or eighteen months I am going to ship an email to the organizing office inquiring when the advisory committee is heading to satisfy,” he said.

“If I’m blessed they will say ‘I’m not sure nevertheless but we’ll get again to you’.”

Registered Indigenous Title claimant Mr Franks utilized for resources from the have faith in, but he was left anxious about where the cash was going.

“My worry is the trust and the way its been managed,” he instructed the ABC.

“There are no checks and balances in spot.”

The Greens has warned that it will take the issue further if the Government does not examine.

Subject areas: native-title, mining-market, coal, mudgee-2850

First posted December 06, 2015 22:13:16

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Dental student helps fill hole in Indigenous community

Agen Sabung Ayam

By Bruce Atkinson

Posted December 06, 2015 18:thirteen:46

An Indigenous final-calendar year dental student and his staff of volunteers are filling a important hole in oral overall health companies at a south-east Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander local community.

Michael Baker, 26, and a team of his fellow dental pupils from Griffith University on the Gold Coast go to Cherbourg 4 times a 12 months to operate clinics at the nearby overall health support.

It is nice to see that we are generating an affect on the neighborhood. There is a prolonged way to go but we’re using it in modest steps and we will get there.

Indigenous dental graduate Michael Baker

Right up until the plan began, Cherbourg locals experienced to journey more than an hour to the nearest dentist where there was a waiting around record of far more than two many years.

Mr Baker organises the excursions, collects donations from companies, Griffith University and the Australian Dental Association and takes the cellular clinic on the a few-hour generate to Cherbourg.

On his latest journey he loaded up his ute with about $ 60,000 of dental gear and his crew expended a day setting up four surgical procedure rooms at the Cherbourg well being clinic.

And they did it all for free.

“The system has the likely to see up to one hundred twenty individuals each journey. We generally see about a hundred a journey and try and perform as considerably treatment method as we can on those patients,” Mr Baker explained.

“However the closest dentist for Cherbourg inhabitants is in excess of an hour absent in Kingaroy with a waiting record of up to two several years, so a great deal of the clients we see from Cherbourg have a good deal of chronic and acute ache.”

Using ‘small steps’

Mr Baker mentioned the clinic aimed to take away the discomfort for locals and support them out.

“When the plan first started in 2010 there was a great deal of very acute and chronic cases coming through. Tons of pain,” he said.

“We are now seeing a changeover from that unexpected emergency dental clinic to a preventative dental clinic where we are observing clients come in for more regimen therapy on a typical foundation.

“It is great to see that we are making an affect on the neighborhood. There is a extended way to go but we are taking it in modest methods and we will get there.”

Lynette Brown, practice supervisor of the Cherbourg Regional Aboriginal and Islander Local community Managed Health Services, explained the Hope for Overall health software was important.

“For [the pupils] to be doing it in their totally free time when they need to be on holiday seasons, I suggest they could be everywhere else but below in Cherbourg providing dental care to this group,” Ms Brown said.

It is also a chance for the learners to encounter Indigenous oral health.

“A great deal of the learners do placements with private practices in the city, but of course that’s people that spend to go to the dentist and get treatment method, so it may not be the variety of things you probably see with some of the customers out listed here,” Ms Brown said.

“So I consider that they are becoming exposed to what to expect in Indigenous oral wellness and I think the encounter they get out listed here can make up for the time they aren’t shelling out on their holidays on the Gold Coastline or someplace.”

dentistry graduate Michael Baker Photograph: Michael Baker with a dental affected person. (Supplied)

Supervisor Robert Foster stated Cherbourg people experienced endured “bloody murder”.

“What we get demonstrated at the college caters for the dentistry that caters for the prime five for each cent or 10 for each cent of the inhabitants,” Dr Foster mentioned.

“We require to see what the true men and women require performing and this is the most outstanding environment for these guys to know [how] these bad individuals stay and have these expectations of wellness and existence.”

Dr Foster explained the students’ generosity as “the accurate spirit we should have in our specialists, our doctors and our dentists”.

He explained the program was quite fulfilling for the learners, supervisors and the Cherbourg local community.

“The impacts it has on the community is substantial. We might only see one hundred twenty sufferers every single vacation but that does make a substantial influence on these individuals. It opens up opportunities for them,” Dr Foster mentioned.

“The learners obtain quite valuable knowledge that they would not obtain on any other placements essentially through the college so it’s very a distinctive expertise for them.”

Rural experience offers college students an edge on metropolis dentists

Mr Baker said the system gave learners many abilities they would not in any other case achieve.

“You commence off with clients who have seriously broken down tooth and they require unexpected emergency extractions — [to] get their teeth out — and it’s great to see them next time all around,” fourth-calendar year dental student Julian Raitelli mentioned.

“I have come 3 occasions now … and just to see the development and them seeking after their tooth in the long-run it really enhances the overall common nicely being as effectively.

“It truly is incredible. It truly is very rewarding to know that I’m aiding these folks that could not get this therapy everywhere else.

“It isn’t going to price me something and I am satisfied to support anybody that I can.”

Dr Foster mentioned operating the clinic gave the college students experience with a level of organisation most basic practitioners would not truly recognize.

“These men have got it in complete droves and they are really young for the amount of organisation and competence that they demonstrate — they are stunning,” he stated.

“They are magnificent and it is the real spirit we like to try and hold in dentistry.”

Cultural consciousness

Not lengthy soon after they get there in town the college students are off to the Cherbourg Ration Lose Museum for a cultural awareness session.

It is designed to give them an comprehension of the background of Cherbourg and immerse them in Indigenous tradition.

I come to feel as an Indigenous dental student that I need to give again to the local community as properly.

Indigenous dental graduate Michael Baker

Matthew Malone from the museum tells the college students not to come to feel a sense of guilt as they view films about the town’s history like the forced relocation of folks there in the early 1900s.

“The best point you can just take from this is one thing that makes a change,” he stated.

“Just take what you hear from here, just take what you understand from below and make a big difference out there when you go back again residence and again into your communities.

“So make sure you will not feel guilt about any of this.”

Mr Baker mentioned the college students “stroll away at the finish of the day” with a increased knowledge of Indigenous communities like Cherbourg and that is the intention of the program.

A mentor for ‘future generations’

He said his Indigenous heritage performed a “enormous part” in why he worked as coordinator of the plan.

“I feel as an Indigenous dental scholar that I want to give back to the neighborhood as well,” Mr Baker explained.

“I have been fortuitous enough to obtain entry into these kinds of a prestigious degree at university.

“I truly feel it truly is essential to give again to the neighborhood, but also to teach the young men and women of Indigenous communities and generally be a function design.

“I think that’s a really crucial thing — a function model and a mentor for the potential generations.”

Mr Baker has concluded college and will soon be a registered dentist operating in Toowoomba, even so, it is not the stop of his involvement with the Hope for Wellness plan.

“I will not arrive out right here as a pupil in the potential but I will undoubtedly come out as a supervisor so I will even now have an lively part in this software as time goes,” he said.

“It truly is not anything I want to give up.”

Mr Baker was a Queensland finalist in the Youthful Australian of the Calendar year classification declared in Oct.

Matters: local community-and-society, indigenous-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander, indigenous-culture, indigenous-other-peoples, health, dental, training, university-and-further-education, australia

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Fact check: Are young Indigenous men more likely to end up in jail than university?

Agen Sabung Ayam

Posted December 03, 2015 06:53:57

Fact check: Are Indigenous men more likely to end up in jail than university? Photo: Opposition Leader Bill Shorten says that “a young Aboriginal man of 18 in Australia is more likely to end up in jail than university”. (AAP: Dan Peled)
Map: Australia

The claim

“A young Aboriginal man of 18 in Australia is more likely to end up in jail than university,” Opposition Leader Bill Shorten said in an interview on Sky News.

Is he correct?

The verdict

Mr Shorten’s claim is a fair call.

Experts contacted by Fact Check said it is difficult to assess “lifetime likelihood” with certainty because it involves predicting the future based on past patterns.

But the most recent available data shows a greater proportion of Indigenous men had been to jail in the five years to 2008 than had a Bachelor degree or above in 2011, and a greater proportion were in jail than at university in 2014.

Some context

Mr Shorten first made the claim on October 26, 2015.

He made a similar statement three weeks after his Sky News interview in a speech at the University of Melbourne, in which he promised to set targets to close the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in the justice system if Labor wins the next election.

An elder holds an Aboriginal flag Photo: Bill Shorten has promised to set targets to reduce the “appalling” imprisonment rate of Indigenous people. (Simon Fergusson: Getty Images)

“Setting specific targets means we record our performance… and it keeps all of us — politicians, public servants and service providers — accountable,” he said.

The justice system was an area in need of targets because of the “appalling rate of incarceration among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples”.

The following day, Mr Shorten again said an Aboriginal man leaving school was more likely to go to jail than university in an opinion piece in The Guardian and at a doorstop interview.

How to assess the claim

Fact Check consulted Chris Cunneen, a conjoint professor of criminology at the University of New South Wales; Richard James, a professor of higher education at the University of Melbourne, and Nicholas Biddle, the deputy director of the centre for social research and methods at the Australian National University.

The experts said they interpret Mr Shorten’s claim to refer to “lifetime likelihood”, which is difficult to test with certainty.

They said comparing the proportion of Indigenous men who are or have been in prison with the proportion who are attending university or have completed a university degree would enable a broad assessment of the claim.

This methodology will not capture those who began a university degree but failed to complete it.

Fact Check was unable to find sufficient data on this.

In a 2013 article Professor Cunneen, then a professor of justice and social inclusion at James Cook University, made a statement similar to Mr Shorten’s.

Juveniles at the Don Dale Youth Detention Centre in the Northern Territory Photo: The most recent available data shows a greater proportion of Indigenous men had been to jail in the five years to 2008 than had a Bachelor degree or above in 2011, and a greater proportion were in jail than at university in 2014.

“Nationally, Aboriginal men are more than twice as likely to be found in prison than in university,” he wrote.

He based this statement on several publications from the Australian Bureau of Statistics: tertiary enrolment figures from the national census; prison numbers from the national prisoner census; and tertiary degrees and incarceration history from the national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander social survey.

Fact Check has used similar sources in updated versions to assess Mr Shorten’s claim.

Most relevant statistics classify Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples together as “Indigenous Australians,” so Fact Check has assessed Mr Shorten’s claim on data for Indigenous men.

Dr Biddle said data on Indigenous men aged 18 to 34 years would be most relevant to Mr Shorten’s claim.

“I don’t think what the lifetime outcomes of a 55-year-old are now would have too much bearing on the outcomes of an 18-year-old,” he said.

Some ABS census data uses age categories of 15 and above, not 18 and above, so where necessary Fact Check has assessed the claim on this basis.


The evidence

External Link: Data on indigenous incarceration and imprisonment.
The Australian Institute of Criminology told Fact Check: “There are no statistics available that directly go to the question of lifetime prevalence of imprisonment among Indigenous Australians or Australians overall.”
The institute referred Fact Check to the most recent national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander social survey (NATSISS) from the ABS, which uses 2008 data.
The survey, which did not cover people in jail at the time, included a question on whether respondents had been incarcerated in the previous five years.
The numbers and proportions of those who answered “yes” are shown in the table above.
External Link: Data on indigenous incarceration and imprisonment.
The ABS publishes an annual national prisoner census, most recently of prisoners who were in jail on June 30, 2014.
Fact Check has produced the table above based on ABS data from the prisoner census and an ABS population projection for Indigenous males in 2014.
External Link: Data on indigenous incarceration and imprisonment.
The most recent educational attainment figures were collected in the 2011 national population census.
The census classified respondents into one of three categories: Indigenous; non-Indigenous; or not stated.
To assess Mr Shorten’s claim, Fact Check used data only on those who identified as Indigenous.
The census included data on Indigenous males aged between 15 and 19 years.
But only 8 of the 30,551 Indigenous males in this age group had completed a university degree.
Fact Check considers it more appropriate to use data on Indigenous men aged 20 years and over.
The table above shows the numbers and proportions of those who had completed a bachelor degree or higher.
External Link: Data on indigenous incarceration and imprisonment.
The Department of Education supplied Fact Check with the most recent data on Indigenous males at university, which was for 2014.
Fact Check used the ABS population projection for Indigenous males in 2014 to convert these numbers to proportions, as shown in the table above.

Comparing the data

Assessing Mr Shorten’s claim involves comparing sets of data gathered by different organisations at different times.

However, the use of rates and percentages allows some comparison.

The data shows that about 6 per cent of Indigenous adult men had been released from prison in the five years to 2008, and 4 per cent were in prison in 2014.

When it comes to university attendance, about 4 per cent of Indigenous men reported in 2011 having completed a bachelor degree or higher, and 2.4 per cent attended university in 2014.


  • Bill Shorten interview, Sky News, October 16, 2015
  • Bill Shorten, Closing the justice gap, November 18, 2015
  • Bill Shorten, The injustice dealt to Indigenous people is a stain on our whole nation, The Guardian, November 19, 2015
  • Bill Shorten, Doorstop interview in Sydney, November 19, 2015
  • Chris Cunneen, Time to arrest rising Aboriginal prison rates, Insight, June 25, 2013
  • ABS, 2008 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander social survey, October 30, 2009
  • ABS, Prisoners in Australia, 2014, December 11, 2014
  • ABS, Estimates and projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2001 to 2026, April 30, 2014
  • ABS, 2011 Census community profiles, March 28, 2013

Topics: education, bill-shorten, indigenous-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander, law-crime-and-justice, australia

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HIV infection rates rise in Indigenous communities

Agen Sabung Ayam

Posted December 01, 2015 eighteen:44:fifty four

Infectious condition authorities say HIV rates are increasing in Indigenous communities and there are worries education strategies are possessing minor affect.

New HIV situations amid Aboriginal people are occurring at 1.five instances the charge of the non-Indigenous population.

Medical professionals mentioned injecting drug use is turning out to be far more widespread in Aboriginal communities, and many HIV optimistic Indigenous men and women are not receiving examined.

“While the HIV incidents prices are stabilising for the mainstream inhabitants, it is truly growing in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander wellness inhabitants,” explained Dr Marlene Kong, an Aboriginal physician who runs the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Well being Program at the College of New South Wales.

“Even just before achieving analysis, a whole lot of Aboriginal folks in the first place have considerably less accessibility to health treatment, and so you will find almost certainly a whole lot of undiagnosed folks out there.”

She is worried a lot of Indigenous people are missing out on critical remedy because they are currently being diagnosed with HIV several years way too late.

“I feel on regular, the diagnosis was picked up 4 several years later on than the typical particular person,” she said.

Affiliate Professor James Ward, an Aboriginal overall health researcher from the South Australian Health and Medical Investigation Institute in Adelaide, describes HIV prices in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities as a looming crisis.

“There are a number of risk aspects that place us at distinct vulnerabilities for HIV to escalate,” he stated.

“We’ve got a really younger population [and] very high rates of other sexually transmissible infections.”

Professor Ward is worried about the distribute of HIV from injecting drug use, since he has seen the drug ice grow to be much more accessible in distant communities.

“Historically there hasn’t been quite significantly recorded prevalence of injecting drug use in regional or remote places of Australia,” he said.

“And what we are seeing with things like the emergence of ice, specifically in remote Aboriginal communities, is an enhance in the quantity of injecting that is occurring in those communities.”

A single-measurement-matches-all strategies not working

Dr Kong believes it is time to revamp HIV/AIDS education for Aboriginal men and women.

She explained it is obvious one-size-suits-all campaigns are not working.

“We even now never know about the understanding, attitudes and techniques of a lot of the Aboriginal group because it just hasn’t been studied,” Dr Kong stated.

“It wants to be a multi-faceted technique.”

In Professor Ward’s see, a lot of Aboriginal communities do not have sufficient assets to teach their individuals about the chance of HIV.

“Usually, more awareness [is essential] about HIV and other sexually transmissible infections,” he mentioned.

“I believe we could perform on those initiatives as well as the distribution of condoms, creating confident that folks have access to clear equipment.

“And then I feel we’d be in a massive room to be capable to battle this battle that looms in advance for many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.”

Matters: indigenous-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander, well being, aids-and-hiv, australia

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