Tag Archives: nations

Developing Nations Hesitant to Embrace Warming Limits

Agen Sabung Ayam

PARIS–With little time remaining at a summit right here, hopes for an international climate offer now rest on regardless of whether Europe, the U.S. and some of the world’s poorest nations can compromise with a group of developing countries that are resisting phone calls to shoulder a lot more of the stress in the combat to limit worldwide warming.

The creating nation group, identified as “Like-Minded Building Nations,” represents the difficult core of opposition to U.S., the EU and other produced nations. It involves establishing-nation giants such as China and India, oil-generating states such as Saudi Arabia and staunch critics of the West this kind of as Iran, Venezuela and Bolivia.

While the EU and the U.S. have narrowed distinctions with some of the poorest nations in latest days, much of this group opposes committing to a lot more bold emissions-reduction targets or to offer funding for poor nations to react to climate change. Their priority need to continue being fighting poverty in their possess borders, they argue, not reducing their greenhouse gasoline emissions.

Both the created nations around the world and the Like-Minded group criticized a draft agreement released by France on Wednesday afternoon, exhibiting that the 195 nations negotiating the deal continue to be sharply divided. French International Minister Laurent Fabius, who is chairing the talks, claims he hopes to have a offer completely ready on Friday, but officials say the talks are probably to extend into Saturday.

“Perhaps your text is indeed balanced–everybody appears disappointed,” Gurdial Singh Nijar, the guide local weather negotiator for Malaysia and spokesman for the Like-Minded Team, advised Mr. Fabius on Wednesday evening.

A important disagreement involves the overall target of the offer. Little island nations have been pushing to hold warming since the dawn of the industrial period to beneath 1.5 levels Celsius the EU and the U.S. have recently mentioned they are open to mentioning the one.5-degree target in the textual content.

But creating nations this kind of as China and India say the goal is unrealistic.

“To attain the 1.5 objective would call for created countries to massively minimize their emissions and massively scale up fiscal help for building countries and this is not taking place,” explained Indian Setting Minister Prakash Javadekar.

The Paris summit represents the best likelihood to achieve a global arrangement to restrict local weather change considering that nations commenced negotiating more than two many years ago. The divide between designed and establishing nations has often been the main impediment to reaching an accord.

Even with compromises in current a long time by China and the U.S., eleven days of negotiations in Paris have revealed that the divide continues to be.

The EU and the U.S. have has been working to split up a larger team of much more than a hundred developing nations around the world, known as the Group of seventy seven, by providing funds and concessions to tiny island states and some of the minimum-developed nations around the world. Miguel Arias Canete, the EU’s weather-alter commissioner, mentioned the alliance in between wealthiest and poorest is holding for now, even with public statements created by the poorest nations in assist of the Group of seventy seven.

“The speeches in (community) are one particular issue, and when you go to the negotiating table it is one more,” Mr. Canete stated.

The Like-Minded team involves some of the most outspoken weather negotiators, this sort of as Claudia Salerno, the Venezuelan ambassador to the EU. In a popular incident at local weather talks in Copenhagen in 2009, Ms. Salerno held up her bloodied hand, which she claimed had been minimize following slamming it on the desk to item to the proceedings, and said:“This hand, which is bleeding now, needs to speak, and it has the same right of any of these which you phone a agent team of leaders.”

On Wednesday night, Ms. Salerno criticized the textual content, introducing at the stop: “I want to go home, search my daughters in the eye and inform them, ‘you are likely to be fantastic, it’s likely to be fantastic.’ ”

An additional controversial negotiator is Bernarditas Muller, who served found the negotiating team when she labored for the Philippine government and is identified as an outspoken critic of the EU and the U.S. influence in climate negotiations.

Now, she has joined the Bolivian negotiating group, right after the Philippines dropped out of the Like-Minded group. Ms. Muller could not be reached for comment.


WSJ.com: Planet Information

Tightening of US visa waiver program for 38 nations passes first vote

Agen Sabung Ayam

Posted December 09, 2015 eighteen:20:48

Australia is among 38 nations that may before long encounter restrictions on visa-cost-free journey to the United States soon after its Residence of Representatives voted overwhelmingly to pass a monthly bill tightening entry specifications.

The bill would need website visitors from visa waiver plan (VWP) nations to get a visa to vacation to the United States if they experienced been to Syria, Iraq, Iran or Sudan in the course of the past five years.

US Visa Waiver System international locations

Andorra
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Brunei
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Eire
Italy
Japan
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Monaco
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Portugal
South Korea
San Marino
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Taiwan *
United kingdom

* Referenced as a region beneath immigration legislation.

It would also call for international locations participating in the plan to share information with US authorities about suspected terrorists, or danger currently being suspended from the plan.

President Barack Obama named on Congress to tighten the VWP in a nationwide protection speech to the nation at the weekend.

The monthly bill, the second key piece of protection legislation accredited in the chamber in response to the November 13 Paris attacks, passed by 407 to 19.

“This legislation will support close gaping security gaps and improve our potential to quit dangerous people prior to they attain our shores,” explained Republican Michael McCaul, the House Homeland Safety Committee chairman.

20-million site visitors a 12 months enter the United States underneath the VWP which permits them to keep ninety times. It was commenced in 1986 to increase tourism and tighten the country’s connection with allies.

Congress has been centered on visa waivers because the Paris attacks because of to some of the suspects getting Europeans radicalised soon after going to Syria.

The US Journey Affiliation backed the Home bill, instead than a Senate proposal from Democrat Dianne Feinstein and Republican Jeff Flake that would also call for the collection of biometric info.

The market group explained that could discourage reputable travellers from checking out the place.

“No volume of economic stimulation is well worth risking the lives of our constituents,” Property Judiciary Committee chairman Bob Goodlatte explained.

“Latest functions about the planet necessitate modifications to the VWP in get to aid guarantee its safety.”

US officers say about 5,000 Europeans, which includes numerous from VWP nations, have travelled to Syria and Iraq to combat with extremist teams, like Islamic State, and pose an increased risk to the United States.

Backing for the other safety invoice that just lately passed the property, which tightened screening of refugees from Syria and Iraq, was far more partisan. Just 47 Democrats joined 242 Republicans to vote for it, and Mr Obama promised to veto it.

Debate about border controls has grown more acrimonious because very last week’s attacks in San Bernardino by a Muslim pair.

Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump proposed banning Muslims from coming into the United States, drawing worldwide condemnation.

Need to the VWP legislation go the Senate and receive Mr Obama’s signature, as predicted, it would need chip-enhanced electronic passports that incorporate biometric information for all visa-cost-free travellers arriving in the United States to be in use by up coming April by all nations around the world taking part in the software.

The Senate has not scheduled a vote on both evaluate. Equally could be integrated in a trillion-dollar spending invoice that Congress must pass in the up coming handful of times in get to preserve the authorities open up.

Reuters/AFP

Subjects: terrorism, planet-politics, travel-and-tourism, tourism, immigration, united-states


Just In

Rich, Poor Nations Tussle Over Funds to Repair Environment

Agen Sabung Ayam

Bangladesh created Sushil Kumar Sarkar a cyclone-resistant property on his land in close proximity to the Bay of Bengal as part of a govt-funded program to defend the area from rising storm intensity that scientists say is a result of local climate adjust.

Fearing it could collapse at any time, Mr. Sarkar refuses to stay in it. “This house isn’t fit for my cows, permit on your own my family members,” he explained, standing in entrance of the darkish and moist a single-space constructing.

Much away in Paris, rich and poor nations are negotiating a worldwide local climate-alter arrangement. Strands of a offer started to arise on Tuesday, but divisions remained on the two most contentious problems: Who will aid developing countries pay out for significantly less-polluting energy technology and adapt to climbing temperatures and regardless of whether emerging economies take on greater tasks in the broader struggle against global warming.

At the heart of the talks is a discussion above how the world’s wealthiest nations will spend to assist individuals like Mr. Sarkar in the world’s poorest cope with the effects of weather adjust, this sort of as growing sea ranges and much more repeated and effective storms.

The sums involved are huge. Rich nations have pledged to channel at minimum $ one hundred billion a year to poorer ones by 2020—and probably a lot more after that—to shell out for a large array of infrastructure, from cyclone-resistant housing to wind turbines to farms that can prosper in salty soil.

Developing international locations say donor nations should ease regulations on how the cash is expended. But the produced world is wary, and Mr. Sarkar’s home highlights why: Prosperous nations concern that weak govt institutions, absence of methods and corruption in inadequate nations indicate weather cash will be squandered.

Just before the money can stream, rich countries say, the establishing entire world must dedicate to comply with thorough restrictions to make sure that projects are well-executed and income is not missing to corruption.

“We really don’t hand more than $ a hundred billion to whoever asks in developing countries,” said Jochen Flasbarth, Germany’s state secretary for atmosphere, adding that “those international locations with reduced or with no corruption do have better obtain than nations around the world identified for a good deal of corruption.”

Poorer nations say they don’t have time to navigate the wealthy world’s maze of purple tape when confronted with what they contact the emergency of world-wide warming. At the Paris summit, they are demanding far more manage in excess of how the money receives spent.

“It ought to not be conditional. It must not be earmarked,” stated Nozipho Mxakato-Diseko, the South African diplomat who is representing a team of more than one hundred building nations in the talks, “because we know what we’re dealing with in our international locations. We know greater.”

Wealthy and bad hope to strike a offer in Paris. International locations around the entire world are proposing to restrict their greenhouse-gasoline emissions, even though most of the warming that has took place since the dawn of the industrial age, scientists say, is the end result of emissions from rich nations. In return, poorer countries say, the created world should make agency commitments at the summit to help them pay the invoice.

To give developing nations a lot more control more than local weather resources, rich types are exploring new approaches of providing assist. The U.S., Europe and other folks have pledged $ ten billion for the Eco-friendly Local climate Fund, which is geared towards making it possible for bad international locations to propose and manage large climate-change projects—provided that they have strong accounting procedures, safeguard whistleblowers and fulfill a long list of other criteria.

The Environmentally friendly Weather Fund tentatively authorized its first eight projects in November, though officers say it could be a year just before money really flows.

Regardless of the fund’s mission, developing nations say forms is shaping up to be a key problem to accessing funds. The fund’s decision to enable Deutsche Bank AG DB -three.21 % to manage assignments stoked their suspicions that rich nations chosen to channel the local climate fund’s income by way of their own economic institutions. A Deutsche Financial institution spokesman mentioned it was an honor for the financial institution to perform with the fund and declined to remark more.

Officers say acquiring institutions from the poorest nations by way of the arduous screening process for handling the fund’s income is going to be challenging.

“The donors, of training course, don’t want to lose their cash,” mentioned Jozef Purchases, Belgium’s representative on the fund’s board.

Advancement income in some other nations susceptible to local climate alter has not too long ago gotten tied up in higher-profile corruption scandals. In the Philippines, a businesswoman was convicted this 12 months of conspiring with federal government officers to steal tens of tens of millions of dollars dedicated for regional infrastructure tasks.

In the Maldives, the government’s auditor uncovered an alleged plan that authorized federal government officials to embezzle $ one.6 million of intercontinental donations that ended up meant to assist the low-lying, Indian Ocean archipelago to recuperate from the 2004 tsunami. The officials dropped their employment, but they haven’t been prosecuted.

Ahmed Sareer, the Maldives ambassador to the United Nations, mentioned the place managed the recovery from the 2004 tsunami effectively, even with the scandal. “Maldives has taken a extremely severe place on governance and accountability,” Mr. Sareer explained.

The Maldives, the Philippines and Bangladesh have experienced achievement operating with global donors on local weather projects. The Inexperienced Local weather Fund awarded 1 of the projects declared in November to the Maldives, although it will be managed by the United Nations Advancement System, not by the Maldives by itself. Bangladesh also received funding for a venture from the fund, to be managed by Germany’s growth lender.

In Bangladesh, wealthy donor countries established up a local weather-finance fund in 2010 that was meant to give more electrical power to the government more than support selections. Although to begin with managed by the Entire world Bank, the purpose was to build a secretariat for the fund the Bangladeshi authorities would operate.

But previous year, the donors and the World Bank made the decision to shut it early, with less than 50 percent of the funds accepted for tasks, amid persistent delays and considerations about checking the fund’s operations. Workers hired to run the Bangladeshi secretariat have been allow go, ending hopes for now that it would grow to be an enduring establishment to invest weather-modify money.

“It is now obvious that (the fund) will not be a transformational example of a multidonor system for supplying assist in alignment with govt programs,” mentioned a report released in June by the U.K. Section for International Growth.

A Planet Financial institution spokeswoman stated undertaking implementation beneath the fund sped up in 2014 soon after a slow begin, which she blamed on coordination troubles among the authorities, donor nations and the Entire world Lender. She stated the World Lender experienced “set up infrastructure” for the secretariat, but it was now up to the authorities to deal with it. “It will take time to set in spot specialized and fiduciary safeguards for projects.”

A fund proven by the Bangladeshi federal government making use of its possess income has been more lively. But the initiatives it financed, such as the cyclone shelter built for Mr. Sarkar, the Bangladeshi farmer, have been undermined by absence of sources and oversight, say Bangladeshi officers and nonprofit groups.

“We’re given income for implementation but there is no budget for maintenance and monitoring afterwards,” mentioned Khandoker Khalequzzaman, main engineer of the Water Growth Board, a Bangladeshi govt agency dependable for a lot of of the country’s climate-alter tasks.

Mr. Sarkar’s home is a single of more than two,000 similarly made properties built by Bangladesh’s Division of Disaster Administration at a value of virtually $ three million amongst 2011 and 2013.

Neighborhood citizens say the properties were originally created without having walls: Government officers argued that the “open” layout would help make the houses cyclone proof. After an outcry from human-legal rights teams and civil culture organizations, partitions ended up additional much more than a year later on, locals say. Individuals in at the very least 4 villages, visited by a Wall Avenue Journal reporter, said the residences are still primarily unfit for human habitation.

Riaz Ahmed, director basic of the Section of Catastrophe Management, explained some residences weren’t constructed appropriately “due to absence of monitoring at neighborhood amount.”

“We are investigating and will get motion, such as confiscation of contractors’ stability deposits and blacklisting them if necessary,” he mentioned.

The Bangladeshi government has gained plaudits on the world-wide phase for adopting a weather change plan as lengthy in the past as 2009, amongst the first building nations to do so. In September, the U.N. Setting Plan declared Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina one of the winners of the United Nations Champions of the Earth award in recognition of Bangladesh’s initiatives to deal with weather change.

Now, the government needs to increase its capacity to execute tasks on the ground, states Atiq Rahman, a local climate scientist and director of the Bangladesh Heart for Sophisticated Scientific studies, a consider tank targeted on environmental troubles.

“We can do greater governance,” he mentioned. “We can do better management—every penny must be accounted for.”

Compose to Matthew Dalton at Matthew.Dalton@wsj.com and Syed Zain Al-Mahmood at zain.al-mahmood@wsj.com


WSJ.com: World News

Obama Pledges Support to Island Nations at COP21

Agen Sabung Ayam

PARIS—President Barack Obama pledged Tuesday to support modest island nations threatened by local climate alter, declaring that initiatives to stem world-wide warming cannot provide only the pursuits of the most strong.

Right after conference six leaders from islands at chance from rising sea stages, Mr. Obama known as for an formidable and transparent weather agreement to aid help save these nations.

“Their populations are among the most vulnerable to the ravages of climate change,” the president explained. “Some of their nations could vanish entirely and as weather conditions patterns modify, we may possibly offer with tens of tens of millions of local weather refugees in the Asia Pacific region.”

Mr. Obama, who referred to his childhood in Hawaii and Indonesia and proclaimed himself “an island boy,” stated the voices of leaders from these island nations will be important as climate negotiations carry on during the subsequent two months.

Rising sea stages threaten some of the remote islands distribute throughout the Pacific, increasing the risk of severe floods. Nations these kinds of as Kiribati, Tokelau and Tuvalu could be entirely submerged if sea stages carry on to rise as projected.

Mr. Obama famous that some of the island nations are sparsely populated and may not have massive armies or significant global affect. But they have a perception of area and culture, he stated.

“They have a right to dignity and feeling of spot,” the president said.

In Paris, Mr. Obama has urged globe leaders to build a lasting framework for combating local weather alter. On Tuesday, he again referred to as for an formidable agreement, declaring that while the global agreement will not have the drive of a treaty, transparency need to be ensured and the commitments should be binding.

Write to Colleen McCain Nelson at colleen.nelson@wsj.com


WSJ.com: World News

Three killed in extremist attack on United Nations base in Mali

Sabung Ayam Online

KIDAL, Mali, Nov. 28 (UPI) — Two United Nations peacekeepers and a contractor had been killed Saturday in a mortar attack on the U.N. base in northern Mali.

Up to fourteen other people have been hurt in the assault soon after 5 bombs landed inside of the foundation. Two of the troopers who died have been from Guinea.

Olivier Salgado, spokesman for the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA), mentioned no one particular has claimed responsibility.

The peacekeeping mission in Mali commenced in 2014 following France led a marketing campaign to drive extremists out of the spot. About a week back, gunmen stormed a lodge in Bamako, the country’s money, killing 19.

Latest News – UPI.com

European nations shut their borders to economic migrants Agen Sabung Ayam

Agen Sabung Ayam

By DUSAN STOJANOVIC, Connected Push

BELGRADE, Serbia (AP) — Most nations alongside Europe’s refugee corridor shut their borders Thursday to people not coming from war-torn international locations these kinds of as Syria, Afghanistan or Iraq, leaving hundreds of other people looking for a better existence in the continent stranded at Balkan border crossings.

The right away selection triggered the domino effect that the two asylum-seekers and European nations had feared presented the document amount of individuals fleeing to Europe this calendar year, and new fears after the fatal Paris assaults of achievable militants coming in with refugees.

Macedonia, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia weren’t making it possible for in the so-called economic migrants whose countries aren’t shattered by armed struggles and wars.

In the Greek village of Idomeni at the border with Macedonia, police stated the border has in essence been shut down to all considering that Thursday morning. Some 3,000 men and women are waiting around at a camp nearby that offers momentary shelter for these heading north via the Balkans.

About five hundred men and women from Iran, Morocco and Algeria collected on the border line amongst Greece and Macedonia to protest the closure. As a result, no person else from the nationalities that Macedonia is allowing by means of — Syrians, Afghans and Iraqis — have been capable to cross.

Dariush Yazdani, 25, from Tehran, said he was established to attain Germany, and confronted imprisonment have been he to return to Iran.

“I will in no way go again,” he stated.

Mohammed Mirzam, thirty, from Afghanistan understands he will be permit by means of, but his wife and two young children, Ilia, five, and Elena, three, are Iranian nationals and will not.

“We are trapped,” he mentioned, from the Greek aspect of the border, at Idomeni. “They is not going to permit my family members throughout. We have no funds, and we’re waiting with no any notion of what is to occur.”

On the Serbian border with Macedonia, the Serbs ended up permitting in only migrants from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. And on the Croatia-Serbia border, Croats ended up only accepting individuals from individuals 3 nations around the world plus Palestine.

Slovenia — the up coming place in the chain — also explained it has been turning back again the so-called financial migrants.

“This is likely to be definitely a challenging scenario,” U.N. refugee company spokeswoman in Serbia Melita Sunjic said. “UNHCR does not consider that there is any nation that can be excluded from intercontinental protection primarily based on their nationalities, but every scenario separately should be screened and processed based mostly on the merits of the circumstance.”

The partial closure of the borders could trigger large pileups of determined people together the Balkan corridor that has seen hundreds of thousands of people cross as they head to wealthy EU states, primarily Germany. Even though Syrians are the most significant team amongst the asylum-seekers, tens of thousands of folks fleeing poverty — this sort of as Pakistanis, Bangladeshis or Sri Lankans — have also joined the surge.

Serbian Labor Minister Aleksandar Vulin blamed EU-users Slovenia and Croatia for the ban, stating they have started turning again financial migrants — those fleeing poverty, not war.

“We have to shield our region. That is why we have applied reciprocal steps towards the folks Slovenia and Croatia have no place for,” Vulin said.

Slovenia’s determination to commence turning back folks it considers economic migrants triggered the chain reaction together the Balkan migrant route.

Slovenian police spokesman Drago Menegalia stated in current days, “there is improved amount of people who have been acknowledged as pure economic migrants” getting into the small Alpine state from Croatia.

“These foreigners do not qualify for worldwide security,” in accordance to EU laws, he stated.

Slovenian officials say they will keep on to enable the transit of refugees from war-ravaged countries this sort of as Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq pass by way of on their way to Austria and other richer EU states.

___

Connected Push writers Elena Becatoros in Athens, Costas Kantouris in Idomeni, and Jovana Gec in Belgrade, Serbia, contributed.

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