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France: Climate Deal Done, Aims Well Below 2 Degrees Celsius

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NEW DELHI: The planet on Saturday agreed to a new weather arrangement, to be executed from 2020, with 196 international locations adopting the Paris pact to conserve the planet from world-wide warming with equally designed and creating international locations agreeing to minimize emissions to restrict the increase in the international common temperature to effectively under two levels

Celsius over pre-industrial levels. The 31-page draft was adopted following correction of a typo in Article four.4 of the draft which was reportedly raised by the US.

It lowered duty on the element of the produced entire world to consider absolute emission cut by changing “shall” take steps with “should” just take measures.

The report in the draft textual content experienced read through: “Developed country functions shall proceed taking the direct by enterprise economic system-extensive absolute emission reduction targets” but reportedly “shall” was not appropriate. In the plenary session, “shall” was termed as a typo and modified to “should” which was seen as a obvious dilution of the certain report by several. While the negotiators ended up celebrating the new climate deal, countries like Nicaragua stated they can not assistance the arrangement as it fails to address several issues essential to them.

The draft was adopted by delegates before long after correction of the specific typo and many other problems amidst a huge round of applause from all participants.

The closing settlement watered down obligations on the component of created nations on supplying cash to inadequate nations around the world to get actions to satisfy the difficulties posed by local weather adjust and taking liability for any decline and injury related with the adverse results of local weather modify.

French President Francois Hollande referred to as Key Minister Narendra Modi to apprise him of the latest position of negotiations following the release of the draft. Earlier in the working day, releasing the ultimate draft, French International Minister Laurent Fabius stated that it is reasonable, resilient and lawfully binding and would goal at restricting warming to well underneath two levels Celsius and try for an even far more bold goal of one.five levels Celsius.

India also welcomed the offer as balanced and said its considerations have been addressed in the doc. Nonetheless, civil modern society groups criticised it stating it falls short of a honest deal and the most significant historic polluters have been permit off the hook. The document does speak about produced nations supplying $ a hundred billion per yr from 2020 to building nations but that is not binding and there is no clarity on how much finance will be shipped, when it will be shipped, or how considerably of it will be obtainable for adaptation.

Setting Minister Prakash Javadekar stated there has been point out of Common But Differentiated Accountability under all heads in the final textual content but NGOs stated there was a weakening of stand. 

The New Indian Convey – Leading News – http://www.newindianexpress.com/leading_news/

Climate Deal Done, Aims Well Below 2 Degrees Celsius

Agen Sabung Ayam

NEW DELHI: The globe on Saturday agreed to a new local weather agreement, to be implemented from 2020, with 196 nations around the world adopting the Paris pact to conserve the planet from worldwide warming with the two developed and developing international locations agreeing to lower emissions to limit the enhance in the worldwide regular temperature to nicely under two levels

Celsius over pre-industrial stages. The 31-web page draft was adopted after correction of a typo in Write-up four.four of the draft which was reportedly elevated by the US.

It decreased accountability on the portion of the produced world to consider absolute emission minimize by changing “shall” take measures with “should” get actions.

The post in the draft text had read: “Developed country events shall keep on taking the guide by enterprise economic system-vast complete emission reduction targets” but reportedly “shall” was not suitable. In the plenary session, “shall” was termed as a typo and altered to “should” which was viewed as a very clear dilution of the certain article by many. Although the negotiators were celebrating the new local climate deal, nations like Nicaragua explained they can not assistance the arrangement as it fails to address several troubles crucial to them.

The draft was adopted by delegates shortly soon after correction of the particular typo and numerous other mistakes amidst a large round of applause from all individuals.

The ultimate settlement watered down obligations on the component of produced nations on providing resources to poor nations around the world to take measures to meet the difficulties posed by climate modify and getting legal responsibility for any loss and harm associated with the adverse consequences of local climate modify.

French President Francois Hollande named Primary Minister Narendra Modi to apprise him of the most current standing of negotiations right after the launch of the draft. Before in the day, releasing the closing draft, French Overseas Minister Laurent Fabius stated that it is fair, resilient and legally binding and would purpose at limiting warming to nicely under two degrees Celsius and try out for an even more formidable objective of one.five levels Celsius.

India also welcomed the deal as well balanced and said its concerns have been tackled in the document. However, civil society groups criticised it stating it falls short of a reasonable offer and the largest historical polluters have been allow off the hook. The document does chat about created nations providing $ one hundred billion per yr from 2020 to establishing nations but that is not binding and there is no clarity on how considerably finance will be delivered, when it will be sent, or how a lot of it will be obtainable for adaptation.

Setting Minister Prakash Javadekar stated there has been point out of Frequent But Differentiated Duty underneath all heads in the ultimate text but NGOs stated there was a weakening of stand. 

The New Indian Convey – Best News – http://www.newindianexpress.com/prime_news/

Quiz: How well do you know climate change?

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At least 30 feared dead after oil well explosion in Caspian Sea

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Posted December 06, 2015 07:21:10

Thirty oil workers are missing after the rig they were working on in the Caspian Sea was engulfed by a fire, Azerbaijan’s state energy firm SOCAR says.

Another 32 were rescued, the company said on its website, listing the names of 62 workers caught up in the disaster.

The head of Azerbaijan’s Oil Workers’ Rights Protection Committee said 32 workers had died.

The office of president Ilham Aliyev said earlier that one person had died in the blaze that broke out on Friday, with the rescue operation to retrieve the other staff hampered by a violent storm.

The storm had on damaged a gas line on the platform in the deep water Guneshli section of the Azeri-Chiraq-Guneshli offshore oil field, causing the fire, SOCAR said in a statement.

Spectacular footage on Azeri television showed the platform engulfed in flames in the midst of a raging sea.

“Despite bad weather conditions, 32 people could be saved,” Mr Aliyev said. “According to preliminary information, one person died. At this time, rescue operations continue.”

Azerbaijan’s state prosecutor’s office said the person had died on Friday night when the lifeboat he was in with three others was hit by heavy winds.

Staff had taken refuge in lifeboats that had been lowered to 10 metres above the water, prosecutors added.

The oil rig’s stricken gas line had been damaged by winds of up to 144 kilometres an hour, the prosecution service said.

A mainly Muslim country of 9 million wedged between Russia and Iran, Azerbaijan is a key partner in projects to deliver Caspian Sea energy reserves to the West through pipelines to Turkey, bypassing Russia.

Around 60 percent of SOCAR’s oil production passes via the platform where the fire broke out, meaning the company’s output will be temporarily hit.

The bulk of Azerbaijan’s oil is produced elsewhere, however, including on fields operated by British oil major BP.

BP Azerbaijan was not available for comment on whether adverse weather in the Caspian or the fire on SOCAR’s platform had affected its production.

Fourteen workers were killed in accidents on SOCAR’s oil and gas platforms in 2014.

AFP/Reuters

Topics: disasters-and-accidents, oil-and-gas, azerbaijan


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The Paris attacks could be a game changer in Scotland as well as England | Iain Macwhirter Agen Sabung Ayam

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Nicola Sturgeon … ‘maybe she is hoping to appeal to Scots who still believe in strong defence’. Photograph: Murdo MacLeod for the Guardian

Nicola Sturgeon’s aides have been quick to point out that she has not given her agreement to British airstrikes in Syria after the Scottish National party leader said she’d be prepared to listen to David Cameron’s case. In the BBC interview in which she indicated her preparedness to “listen” to the prime minister on military intervention, she also said that she “remained unconvinced” about the legality of such an action.

Related: Nicola Sturgeon prepared to listen to case for extending anti-Isis airstrikes

Nevertheless, her remarks indicate a striking change in rhetoric. In her speech to the SNP conference only last month, Sturgeon said that UK airstrikes would “simply add to already unimaginable human suffering”, and that “the SNP will oppose UK airstrikes on Syria”. No ifs or buts.

It seems hard to reconcile that with an apparent willingness to contemplate bombing Islamic State now. Really, there is very little middle ground on this issue: you either support military intervention or you don’t.

Sturgeon’s predecessor as SNP leader, Alex Salmond – who remains the party foreign affairs spokesman in Westminster – has been unequivocal. “There should be no more futile military interventions by the UK,” he said last month. “No more Afghanistans with no exit strategies, no more Libyas.”

Sturgeon’s BBC interview led to a frisson of alarm on social media, where the SNP has traditionally received much of its support. There were expressions of dismay and disappointment. “It will haunt her,” said one Twitter post.

As well it might. Active support for airstrikes by the first minister would cause a huge division in the wider independence movement. David Cameron has made clear that he would not see a United Nations resolution as a precondition for military action. It could spell the end of the broad alliance that carried the SNP to its extraordinary landslide in the May general election.

Under Alex Salmond, the SNP consolidated its hold on Scottish politics through its resolute opposition to “illegal wars” such as the invasion of Iraq in 2003, which was widely condemned in Scotland.

There is a long history of SNP leaders opposing British military involvement, almost as a matter of course. During the Kosovo crisis in 1999, the then leader Salmond condemned British participation in the Nato bombing of Serbia as “unpardonable folly”, even though it was ostensibly an attempt to end ethnic cleansing by Slobodan Milošević. The Labour foreign secretary, Robin Cook, responded that Salmond had made himself “the toast of Belgrade”.

Some believe Salmond’s remark damaged the SNP’s showing in the first Scottish parliamentary elections later that year. Clearly, Sturgeon is choosing her words more carefully this time, and may be seeking to alter the image of the SNP as a pacifist party.

This interview marked her first anniversary as party leader, and she indicated that her response to terrorism may not always be to turn the other cheek. The Paris attacks may have been a political game changer in Scotland, as in England.

Scotland is not exactly a pacifist country. Salmond calls the Scots a ‘martial race’ who have never been shy of a fight

Scotland is not exactly a pacifist country, indeed Salmond calls the Scots a “martial race” who have never been shy of a fight. A Glasgow airport baggage handler, John Smeaton, became a national hero in 2007 when he grappled with terrorists attempting to detonate a car bomb at the airport terminal. “This is Glasgow,” Smeaton said. “We’ll set aboot ye”. He later stood as a candidate for the Scottish parliament.

It is not even clear how many Scots are opposed to nuclear weapons as such, though there has been pretty clear opposition to renewing the Trident submarine-based system on the Clyde, as indicated in the most recent Herald poll.

But the SNP no longer has a monopoly on the Trident issue in Scotland. The Scottish Labour party voted overwhelmingly at its conference last month to oppose renewal of the Faslane-based weapons system, in defiance of UK Labour party policy. The SNP has sought to capitalise on this division by bringing forward an opposition day debate on renewal next week in the Commons.

Related: Scottish Labour votes to ditch Trident renewal

In July, when Labour MPs in Westminster abstained on the welfare bill, it cause dismay and division within Scottish Labour. If the party’s MPs sit on their hands again next week, the SNP is hoping for another propaganda victory.

However, it may be that Sturgeon is now looking beyond Trident to her next electoral challenge: she wants to win another SNP landslide at the Scottish parliamentary elections in May. The SNP dominates Scottish politics, and the opinion polls suggest she is on course to deliver one. Indeed, Labour is braced to lose all its constituency seats in Holyrood.

But for political leaders with a sense of their own destiny there are always more votes to win, bigger landslides to deliver. Maybe she is hoping to appeal to Scots who still believe in strong defence – the Daily Telegraph columnist Alan Cochrane, who normally trades in anti-nationalist invective, praised the SNP leader for showing “real leadership” in being prepared to listen to Cameron. However, if Nicola Sturgeon is seeking to win on a new approach to British military intervention in the Middle East, it would be a landslide too far.


News: Main section | theguardian.com